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medicina natural

#MÉSOTHÉRAPIE

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La mésothérapie : qu’est-ce que c’est ?

La mésothérapie : qu'est-ce que c'est ?

Définition

La mésothérapie est une technique médicale inventée en France au début des années 1950 par le médecin généraliste Michel Pistor. Elle consiste à injecter sous le derme (la couche la plus interne de la peau), de faibles doses de médicaments. Le principe est d’utiliser de plus petites quantités de médicaments en ciblant directement la zone à traiter ou le plus proche possible.

Initialement destinée à traiter les douleurs localisées et l’insuffisance veineuse, cette technique est maintenant utilisée pour traiter de nombreuses pathologies différentes. Citons par exemple :

  • les rhumatismes ;
  • l’arthrose ;
  • les douleurs lombaires ou cervicales ;
  • les tendinites ;
  • les entorses ;
  • les acouphènes ;
  • le zona ;
  • les infections ORL ;
  • la chute des cheveux (alopécie) ;
  • ect.

En France, la mésothérapie est enseignée en faculté de médecine à des médecins diplômés ou des étudiants, dès le 3éme cycle des études médicales. Il existe un diplôme interuniversitaire de mésothérapie et seuls les titulaires peuvent faire mention de cette technique sur leur plaque.

L’assurance maladie reconnait la mésothérapie comme une pratique thérapeutique dite « complémentaire » et dans certains cas les actes réalisés par un médecin généraliste peuvent être partiellement remboursés. En revanche, aucune prise en charge n’est prévue pour les actes de mésothérapie dans le cadre de la médecine esthétique.

Les bienfaits de la mésothérapie

Il est difficile de conclure quant aux réels bienfaits de cette technique car les études scientifiques qui prouvent son efficacité sont peu nombreuses. Elle est cependant encore utilisée régulièrement pour la gestion de la douleur, notamment en rhumatologie, en médecine du sport et également en médecine esthétique.

La mésothérapie et la cellulite

La mésothérapie suscite un intérêt croisant en médecine esthétique où elle est présentée comme une alternative à la chirurgie. Elle est principalement utilisée dans les traitements contre la cellulite ou pour faire fondre les graisses dans les cuisses, les fesses, les hanches, les jambes, les bras et même le visage, au niveau du contour des yeux.

La cellulite est une accumulation de graisse sous la peau, lui donnant une apparence dite de « peau d’orange ». La technique adoptée par les mésothérapeutes est donc d’injecter des substances pour faire fondre la graisse dans les zones concernées. De nombreuses substances peuvent être injectées, citons par exemple : des enzymes collagénases, de la caféine ou même des extraits d’artichauts.

Comment se déroule une séance de mésothérapie ?

Lors d’une séance de mésothérapie le médecin réalise plusieurs injections superficielles de médicaments directement sur ou autour des sites à traiter. Les injections se font à l’aide d’une fine aiguille de 4 à 13 mm de long. Elles peuvent se faire manuellement ou avec un pistolet injecteur électronique. Suivant la maladie à traiter et la stratégie adoptée par le médecin, le nombre d’injections requises peut varier et peut parfois aller jusqu’à plusieurs centaines. Le nombre de séances peut également varier en fonction de l’affection. Dans des cas aigus, tels que des blessures sportives, 1 à 3 séances peuvent être suffisantes. Au contraire, pour des maladies chroniques telles que les rhumatismes ou l’arthrose, 10 à 15 séances s’étalant sur 6 mois ou une année complète sont parfois nécessaire.

Les dangers et contre-indications de la mésothérapie

Les adeptes de la mésothérapie revendiquent que les effets secondaires sont extrêmement rares ou limités si les injections sont pratiquées par un professionnel. Cependant, les publications scientifiques qui évaluent l’efficacité ou les risques de la mésothérapie sont rares. Les infections cutanées sont le risque le plus répertoriés, mais l’apparition d’hématomes, des réactions allergiques localisées au site d’injection, ainsi que la toxicité des produits ne sont pas à négliger. Les solutions injectées contiennent souvent des produits utilisés en médecine conventionnelle mais en dehors de l’autorisation de mise sur le marché. C’est le médecin praticien qui choisit et mélange lui-même les substances avant les injections.

Rédaction : Marion Spée, journaliste scientifique.
Juillet 2017
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#Natural Thermal Waters

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Britain’s original natural thermal spa

The natural thermal springs in Bath were first discovered by Prince Bladud around 863BC, who was cured from his skin disease after bathing in the waters. The waters were then enjoyed by the Celts, Romans, Saxons and Georgians and are the constant thread throughout the history of Bath.

The water fell as rain around 10,000 years ago and then sank to a depth of about 2km. Here it is heated by high temperature rocks before rising back up through one of the three hot springs in the centre of the City, the Cross Spring, Hetling or King’s Spring, which supplies the Roman Baths.

The actual source of the waters remains a mystery. It was believed that the source was in the Mendip Hills 30 miles to the south of Bath but more recent findings suggest that the rainwater enters through the carboniferous limestone closer to the City and the Avon Valley.

The thermal waters contain over 42 different minerals, the most concentrated being sulphate, calcium & chloride.

Bath has a long association with well-being and the word SPA is associated with the Latin phrase ‘Salus Per Aquam’ or ‘health through water’.

Until the restoration of the Spa was completed in 2006, this natural resource went down the drain and ended up in the river Avon. Today, over 1 million litres of this mineral-rich water flow from the springs each day and are fully used in Thermae Bath Spa.

The thermal water in all four baths at Thermae is the optimum bathing temperature of approximately 33.5°C (92°F).

The water contains over 42 minerals and trace elements. The most concentrated minerals contained within Bath’s Hot Springs are as follows:

Mineral Expressed as Concentration (Hetling Spring)

Sulphate Mg/l 1015
Calcium Mg/l 358
Chloride Mg/l 340
Sodium Mg/l 195
Bicarbonate Mg/l 193
Magnesium Mg/l 57
Silica Mg/l 21
Iron Mg/l 0.5

Le #Thermalisme et l’insuffisance veineuse chronique

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Dans FocusMédecineSantéThermalisme 29 janvier 2018

L’insuffisance veineuse est la conséquence d’une altération de la paroi des veines qui entraîne un retour insuffisant du sang vers le cœur. Le sang stagne dans les membres inférieurs, entraînant œdème, lourdeurs et douleurs au niveau des jambes. Les femmes sont davantage concernées par cette pathologie, dont la fréquence augmente aussi avec l’âge. La cure participe efficacement et naturellement au ralentissement de l’évolution de la maladie veineuse par la conjugaison de la qualité de l’eau thermale associée aux techniques de soins et à l’éducation à la santé.

Traitement thermal

Aérobain, bain carbo-gazeux, cure de boisson, hydromassage, massage des membres inférieurs, parcours de marche, pulvérisation des membres inférieurs.

Effets de la cure

La teneur en minéraux et la chaleur de l’’eau thermale permet une diminution significative de l’œdème et des douleurs dans l’insuffisance veineuse chronique.

#A alimentação na gravidez pode influenciar o desenvolvimento de alergias no bebé?

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Fonte de imagem: Allergy & Asthma

A alimentação das grávidas poderá influenciar, de alguma forma, o desenvolvimento de alergias alimentares nos filhos, indicou um estudo recente.

Conduzido por uma equipa de investigadores liderados por Karen Robbins, alergologista no Sistema de Saúde Pediátrico Nacional, EUA, o estudo longitudinal envolveu cerca de 2.000 mulheres grávidas.

As grávidas foram acompanhadas a partir do terceiro trimestre da gravidez e durante o primeiro ano de vida dos respetivos bebés.

Uma pequena percentagem de participantes relatou consumir menos alérgenos durante a gravidez, na tentativa de evitarem o desenvolvimento de alergias alimentares nos seus futuros bebés.

Com efeito, 144 (2,9%) grávidas disseram ter restringido de alguma forma a sua alimentação para prevenir futuras alergias nos bebés, evitando os alérgenos mais importantes: 84 (1,7%) relataram consumir menos frutos de casca rija, 15 (0,3%) disseram consumir menos ovos e 2 (0,04%) disseram consumir menos laticínios.

Segundo Karen Robbins, de um universo alargado de participantes foram poucas as grávidas que disseram ter deixado de consumir certos alimentos para evitarem alergias alimentares nos bebés.

“No entanto, as mães que tinham um filho mais velho com uma alergia alimentar ou que apresentavam elas próprias alergias alimentares tinham uma maior propensão para experimentarem aquela estratégia de evitar alimentos”, disse a investigadora.

Apesar das alterações alimentares, os bebés que nasceram daquelas mães tinham o dobro da propensão de terem problemas alimentares aos quatro meses de idade, mas não aos nove ou aos 12 meses de idade. Adicionalmente, aqueles bebés não apresentavam uma maior tendência para serem diagnosticados com uma alergia alimentar.

“Esperamos conhecer os fatores nas tomadas de decisão destas mulheres, assim como quantas se decidem a evitar alimentos como potencial estratégia de prevenir alergias alimentares nos seus bebés”, conclui Karen Robbins.

#Alerta hipertensão. Coma esta fruta e liberte-se da pressão alta

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Fonte de imagem: Wikipedia

Os casos de pressão alta estão a aumentar exponencialmente em todo o mundo. De forma a prevenir o aparecimento de sintomas e a reduzir o risco de hipertensão naturalmente, coma diariamente esta fruta tropical.

 

A hipertensão provoca inúmeros sintomas, incluindo visão turva e dores de cabeça, afetando um em cada quatro portugueses.

O fenómeno é extremamente preocupante, sobretudo porque aumenta a probabilidade dos pacientes experienciarem ataques cardíacos ou enfartes.

De modo a diminuir o risco, é aconselhável que siga um regime alimentar saudável e equilibrado.

O que deve comer para reduzir a pressão alta?

O Sistema Nacional de Saúde britânico (NHS) recomenda o consumo de uma dieta saudável.

Referindo: “Reduza substancialmente a quantidade de sal que coloca nos cozinhados e coma muita fruta e vegetais”.

Apesar de seguir essas recomendações ser por vezes suficiente para diminuir a tensão arterial naturalmente, existem certos alimentos que são considerados mais benéficos do que outros.

Em declarações ao The Guardian, o médico David Williams revelou recentemente que recomenda aos seus pacientes o consumo específico de uma fruta.

O clínico acredita que comer goiaba diariamente pode reduzir a pressão alta até cerca de 8mmHg.

“Se sofre de hipertensão, a dieta é um das principais maneiras de reduzir esses índices sem o recurso à toma de medicação”.

“Em combinação com certas alterações no estilo de vida e na nutrição, alterar a dieta pode não só reduzir os níveis da tensão, mas contribuir ainda para melhorar a saúde cardiovascular no geral”.

Goiaba

A dita fruta apresenta um baixo teor de sódio e alto teor de potássio, ajudando a controlar a pressão arterial.

#Balneo-phototherapy may be beneficial for #atopic eczema

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  • Noticias Médicas Univadis

Synchronous balneo-phototherapy, in which a Dead Sea salt bath is used simultaneously with ultraviolet light therapy, could be beneficial for treating atopic eczema, according to the German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

The IQWiG had previously determined a greater benefit of balneo-phototherapy than phototherapy alone in psoriasis, but at that time said convincing results were not available for atopic eczema.

As part of a new review of evidence, commissioned by the Federal Joint Committee in Germany, the IQWiG considered findings from two studies. The first study included 180 patients while the second included 500 people with atopic eczema who were treated for at least one month, and received between 10 and 35 treatment sessions.

The IQWiG noted that results for the outcome “skin status”, which included symptoms such as itching or insomnia, were in favour of synchronous balneo-phototherapy. However, the review did not reach conclusions on quality of life or side effects.

Stefan Sauerland, Head of the IQWiG Department of Non-Drug Interventions, said high-quality studies on bathing treatments are important to be able to “separate the useful from the useless” in the management of atopic eczema.

#Can You Treat a Cold with a Detox Bath?

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Resultado de imagem para detox bath

 

What is a detox bath?

A detox bath is considered a natural way to help remove toxins from the body. During a detox bath, ingredients like Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate), ginger, and essential oils are dissolved into warm water in the bathtub. You can soak for 12 minutes to an hour at a time.

One possible use of a detox bath is for the treatment of a cold. However, evidence is limited about the benefits of detox baths for a cold. Detox baths may help with certain cold symptoms by calming the body and easing muscle aches, but the results will vary for everyone.

Read on to learn more about the use of a detox bath for managing cold symptoms, plus tips for how to use a detox bath.

Does it work?

Studies are limited on the efficacy of a detox bath to treat cold symptoms. But a cold, cough, or the flu may lead to symptoms including muscle aches and soreness, and detox baths may help with these symptoms.

Adding essential oils, such as lavender and chamomile, to your bath may have some benefits for cold symptoms. That’s because essential oils may help you relax and calm down.

One small study of 19 participants found that adding Epsom salt to a bath raises magnesium levels in the body. This may help the body dispose of lactic acid, which, in turn, may rid the body of aches and pains. It may also help relax the muscles.

Some limited research shows that certain essential oils may have antimicrobial and antiviral properties. Eucalyptus, for example, may be therapeutic for upper respiratory viruses and help ease congestion. But more studies are needed to confirm the benefits and the use of essential oils for detox baths.

Can a bath help to treat a fever?

While scientific evidence is limited, a warm bath is still considered an age-old remedy for cooling down a fever. Aim for a temperature of lukewarm water (80°F to 90°F or 27°C to 32°C), and don’t take a bath if you’re feeling dizzy or unsteady. If you start to shiver, you’ll need to increase the temperature of your bath. Shivering means your body is trying to raise its temperature, which can make a fever worse.

Are detox baths safe?

Check with your doctor to see if detox baths are safe for you to try. Pregnant women, children, and people with impaired kidney function should not take detox baths. (Your body may not be able to rid itself of excess magnesium if your kidneys are impaired.)

Always drink plenty of water before, during, and after a detox bath. Also, get out of the bath immediately if you’re shivering, or feel dizzy or faint.

How to use a detox bath

There are different recipes for detox baths, depending on your symptoms. You can take detox baths once a week to start. Watch for signs such as dry skin or dehydration.

Start out with a shorter period of time in the bath (12 to 20 minutes) to see how your body reacts to the detox bath. If you find them relaxing and don’t have any additional negative reactions, you can increase the time of your detox baths and work up to three baths per week.

Epsom salt bath

Potential benefits: Reduce muscle aches and pains, relaxation

  1. Fill your tub with warm water. As it fills, you can also add 1 tablespoon of coconut oil and up to 5 drops of lavender oil, if you choose.
  2. Once there’s enough water for you to soak, add 2 cups of Epsom salt. Use your foot or hand to move the water around to help dissolve the salt.
  3. Soak for at least 12 minutes or up to 1 hour.

Ginger bath

Potential benefits: Promotes sweating, which may help your body rid itself of toxins; may help with muscle aches and pains.

  1. Mix 1/3 cup of Epsom salt, 1/3 cup of sea salt, and 3 tablespoons of ground ginger. You can also add 1/3 cup of baking soda, if you choose. Pour the mixture into a warm running bath.
  2. As the bath fills, add 1 cup of apple cider vinegar.
  3. Bathe for up to 45 minutes and drink water as you soak. Get out of bath if you start to shiver.
  4. Dry off immediately after leaving the bath.

This bath can be extremely dehydrating. It’s important to drink water before, during, and after the bath to replenish your fluid intake.

Sea salt and eucalyptus bath

Potential benefits: Ease congestion, help with inflammation and muscle aches

  1. Add 1 cup of sea salt, 1 cup of Epsom salt, and 10 drops of eucalyptus oil to warm running water. You can also add up to 2 cups of baking soda, if you chose. Mix well by moving water around with your hand or foot.
  2. Soak for 12 minutes up to an hour.
When to seek help

See your doctor if your cold symptoms don’t improve in a week to 10 days. Also, seek medical care when:

  • your fever is above 101.3°F (38°C)
  • you’ve had a fever for over five days or more
  • you experience shortness of breath
  • you’re wheezing
  • you have a severe sore throat, headache, or sinus pain
Other home remedies for colds

To manage a cold, you can also try other home remedies.

  • Tea with honey may help soothe a sore throat. Add fresh ginger and lemon to hot water for a homemade cold and sore throat remedy.
  • A neti pot can help rinse debris or mucus from the nasal cavity with a saline solution. Use it to treat sinus problems, colds, and nasal allergies.
  • Chicken noodle soup has anti-inflammatory properties to help ease cold symptoms. Fluids also help keep you hydrated when you have a cold.
The takeaway

A detox bath won’t cure your cold, but you may find it soothing and calming. It may also help to temporarily alleviate your symptoms including congestion, muscle aches and pains, or a fever.

Other home remedies, such as sipping tea with honey, may also be beneficial for cold symptoms. If your cold worsens or doesn’t improve after 7 to 10 days, see your doctor.

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