Women are significantly less likely than men to progress to become full professors in cardiology, even after adjusting for factors that are traditionally associated with academic rank. That is the conclusion of a report published in the American Heart Association journal Circulation .
The analysis of data for cardiologists on the 2014 faculty roster of the American Association of Medical Colleges showed that just 16.5 per cent of 3,810 cardiologists were women. While women were just as likely as men to be associate professors, only 15.9 per cent of women were full professors compared to more than 30 per cent of men. In comparison, 60.2 per cent of women were assistant professors compared to 46.8 per cent of men. At none of the 109 US medical schools surveyed were women equally likely to be full professors. Even after adjusting for factors known to affect academic rankings such as age, years of experience and research productivity, women were still less likely to be full professors.
“These findings highlight a potential inequity in how men and women in academic cardiology are recognised and rewarded for their work and could reflect the fact that women face persistent barriers to academic advancement,” lead author, Daniel M. Blumenthal stated.