HIV remains a significant public health problem in the 31 countries of the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA), with around 30,000 newly diagnosed HIV infections reported each year over the last decade, new figures from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) show.
In a special report on The status of the HIV response in the EU/EEA 2016 , the ECDC reports that one in six people diagnosed with HIV are still not receiving treatment. Overall, 0.2 per cent of the adult population is living with HIV, but prevalence is much higher in some countries and among key populations. Men who have sex with men are the key population within which new infections continue to increase. Migrants also remain disproportionately affected. One in seven people are unaware of their infection.
Commenting on the figures, ECDC Acting Director Andrea Ammon said: “To reduce the number of new HIV infections in Europe, we need to focus our efforts in three main areas: prioritising prevention programmes, facilitating the uptake of HIV testing, for example by introducing new approaches like community-based testing or self-testing to diagnose those infected. And, of course, easier access to treatment for those diagnosed.”